Normal Wound Healing
Wounds normally undergo three phases in the healing process. The first phase begins immediately after an injury.
In this phase, special cells seal damaged blood vessels and nerves while other cells begin to clean up the wound bed.
Growth factors found in the proteins of particular blood cells stimulate the formation of granulation tissue, providing a foundation for further wound healing.
The remodeling phase - Collagen forms and provides structure and strength for a new outer layer of skin.
The entire wound healing process can take up to two years for final strength and structure to be fully developed.
Impaired Wound Healing
The normal process of wound healing can be affected by both internal and external factors. Malnutrition, infection, and insufficient blood and oxygen flow to the injured area inhibit normal healing. Certain diseases (diabetes, vascular disorders, etc.) and treatments (radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and steroid medication) put many people at risk for developing a chronic, non-healing wound.
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